українською по-русски

Necropolis Zhitomir: Polish Cemetery

40.00 грн.
duration: 2 hours

For considerable historical period the prominent representatives of the Polish culture did a ponderable contribution to development of cultural life of our city and kornayu - Anton Petkevich (Adam Plug), Apolle Kozhenevskiy, Alexander Groza, Karol' Kachkovskiy, Yuzef Ignaci Krashevskiy. The last participating to the construction of new theater in town (in 1861). He named Zhitomir the first by the capital of Poland in Ukraine.
The census of population of Russia, a national factor is first accepted in attention in which, conducted in 1884 discovered that in the Zhitomir district lived 39578 Poland then, that made 13,9% all habitants of district. This was the greatest index for a whole province. As a census is conducted, since almost 100 years passed after dissociating of Volhynia from Poland, it is possible with a confidence to assert that Zhitomir polonium saved the national identity.
It enables to understand why exactly Poland and Ukrainians call the Zhitomir cemetery «Polish». In a certain measure this cemetery reflects history of city and his habitants.  An area under a new cemetery is purchased was on territory Novoy Rudni (present street V.G.Korolenko) approximately after a 2 km south of center of city in 1799r.  
That is Yuzef Ignaci Krashevskiy describes a cemetery : «Above the banks of Kamyanki (today the river of Kamyanka within the limits of city) a place for a catholic cemetery, stretched in leske on knolls, is chosen, which creates sad, but extraordinarily magic appearance. In the middle a church costs on the greatest backbone of mountain, roof and the walls of which overpeer above thick mass of trees.  Luxurious and modest burial vaults - dissipated on spreading space of this field of deceaseds, among which an odichavshyy flower, planted yet the hand of living sorrow, blossoms here and there».
A cemetery is known the domestic burial places of the noble dynasties of Dombrovskikh known in the Polish environment, Monyushko, Chackikh. Here are graves of first Polish airman Macievicha, world-wide pianist Yuliusha Zarembskogo, other prominent Polish cultural workers.